Payer (puja) plate
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diya

MIZORAM

Mizoram is a state in northeastern India. Its population at the 2001 census stood at 888,573. Mizoram boasts a literacy rate of 88.8 percent—the second highest among all the states of India, after Kerala.(Wikipedia)

Festivals of Mizoram

Chapchurkut Festival in Mizoram

CHAPCHARKUT FESTIVAL

Time: March

Duration: Seven Days

Location: Mizoram

Description:

Chapchar Kut is celebrated in the month of March to celebrate the success in jhum cutting. It is celebrated as a thanksgiving festival. The villagers faced many dangers and difficulties in cutting down dense forests with their simple Daos and axes. They organize a big feast during this festival. The festival is celebrated for seven days and even beyond if the villagers would afford it. A few days before the day is fixed for the festivities, hunting parties from the village would go out in the forests and rivers for hunting wild animals, trapping birds and catching fish. On this occasion Zu would be brewed in a large quantity.

On the first day of the festival, pigs are killed by the members of the chief's clan for the feast.This day was called Lushai Vawk Tlah Ni which literally means the day on which the Lushias kill pigs.On the second day, members of the other clans in the village would kill their pigs for the village feast. On the third day, which was known as Kut day, Zu would be taken in the houses in which someone had died during the year. On this day before sunset in the evening people particularly mother and children dressed in their best would gather in the open space in the village at the Lungdawh, which is a stone platform put up as a memorial to the dead, bringing with them rice, boiled eggs and meat. One would try to force the food down the throat of one's friends. This was known as Chhawnghnawt. After sunset the young boys and girls would get together in the houses of well-to-do-villagers. They would spend the night in drinking, singing and dancing. The next day is known as Zupui Ni on which people drink a particular type of liquor called Zupui, brewed from well husked rice. The dance performed during this festival is known as Chai dance. During the dance, the children of the village would go on serving the dancing boys and girls Zu of the best variety in bamboo cups. The next day was called Zuthingni or the day of drinking a special type of Zu. The last day of the festival was known as Ziapur ni or the day of rest after eating and drinking. On this day people would relax after hectic days of festivals. They would not go out to the jungle which is believed would bring bad luck.

Mim Kut festival in Mizoram

MIM KUT FESTIVAL

Time: September

Duration: One-Two Days

Location: Mizoram

Description:

The Mim Kut is celebrated before the hard work in the jhum is over. It is celebrated in the month of September. The festival lasts for one or two days. This festival is celebrated in the memory of someone who had died during the previous year. Fresh vegetables, maize bread, necklaces and cloths are placed on the memorials of the dead as offerings to them. It is believed that their spirits would revisit their house during the Mim Kut. Zu is taken in houses in which someone had died during the year.

Pawl Kut festival in Mizoram

PAWL KUT FESTIVAL

Time: November-December

Duration: One-Two days

Location: Mizoram

Description:

Pawl Kut is the harvest festival which was celebrated after the village has gathered its harvest. This festival is celebrated for one to two days, the villagers feast and dance in thanksgiving for the harvest. There is a legend regarding the origin of this festival. In the olden days when the Mizos were living to the east of the Tiau river in the chin hills, which is now in Burma, there was famine for three consecutive years. In the fourth year the people had a bumper crop. The people believed that this was a blessing of the supreme god and as a thanksgiving they celebrated Pawl Kut.

It is customary for everyone to eat meat and eggs during Pawl Kut. A few days before the day is fixed for the feast, the men go out hunting wild animals, trapping birds or fishing. As celebrated in Chapchar Kut, mothers and children gather together at the Lungdawh bringing with them plates of rice, boiled eggs and meat and feed one another performing Chhawnghnawt. The men would gather in the houses of well-to-do persons and celebrate by drinking Zu. The festivities are followed by Eipuar Awm Ni or the day of rest.